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Pangloss baritone ; doubles with Martin in the stage version and Bernstein's revision. In the Hal Prince versions, he doubles with several other characters, including the narrator Voltaire and the Governor.
Maximilian baritone, but can be played by a tenor; is a speaking role in the original version. Paquette contralto in versions of the musical from on. Although a major character in Voltaire's novella and all revivals of the show, she is a walk-on part with only one line in the stage version.
The Old Lady contralto Martin baritone. Doubles with Pangloss in the version and some later versions. Does not appear in the version. Does not appear in the or versions. Doubles with Pangloss and Martin in Bernstein's revisions.
Original Broadway version [ edit ] Act 1 In the country of WestphaliaCandide is about to be married to the lovely Cunegonde. Pangloss, Candide's teacher expounds his famous philosophy, to the effect that all is for the best "The Best of All Possible Worlds" The happy couple sing their marriage duet "Oh, Happy We"and the ceremony is about to take place "Wedding Chorale" when war breaks out between Westphalia and Hesse.
Westphalia is destroyed, and Cunegonde is seemingly killed.
In the public square of Lisbon "Lisbon Fair"the Infant Casmira, a deranged mystic in the caravan of an Arab conjuror, predicts dire happenings "The Prediction"leaving the public in terror "Pray For Us".
The Inquisition appears, in the persons of two ancient Inquisitors and their lawyer, and many citizens are tried and sentenced to hang, including Candide and Dr. Suddenly an earthquake occurs, killing Dr.
Pangloss, and Candide barely escapes. Candide, faced with the loss of both Cunegonde and Dr. Pangloss, starts out for Paris.
He is unable to reconcile Dr. Pangloss's ideas with the bitter events that have occurred, but concludes that the fault must lie within himself, rather than in the philosophy of optimism "It Must Be Me". A party is in progress. In a duel, he kills both the Marquis and the Sultan, and flees with Cunegonde, accompanied by the Old Lady.
Arriving in Buenos Aires, the group is brought to the Governor's Palace where Maximilian is alive and working for the Governorwhere all except Cunegonde and the Old Lady are immediately enslaved. A street cleaner appears in the person of the pessimistic Martin, warning Candide of the future.
Candide and Maximilian are joyfully reunited, but when Candide states his intention to marry Cunegonde Maximilian starts to strike him with a glove. Candide starts to strike him back, but before he actually does Maximilian drops, apparently dead. The Old Lady urges Candide to flee, but Candide, fired by reports of Eldorado from Martin, sets off to seek his fortune, planning to return for Cunegonde later "Quartet Finale".
Act 2 In the heat of Buenos Aires, Cunegonde, the Old Lady and the Governor display their fraying nerves "Quiet"and the Governor resolves to get rid of the tiresome ladies. Candide returns from Eldorado "Eldorado"his pockets full of gold and searches for Cunegonde. The Governor, however, has had both Cunegonde and the Old Lady tied up in sacks and carried to a boat in the harbor.
He tells Candide that the women have sailed for Europe, and Candide eagerly purchases a leaky ship from the Governor and dashes off. As the Governor and his suite watch from his terrace, the ship with Candide and Martin casts off and almost immediately sinks "Bon Voyage".
Candide and Martin have been rescued from the ship, and are floating about the ocean on a raft.
Martin is devoured by a sharkbut Dr. Candide is overjoyed to find his old teacher, and Pangloss sets about repairing the damage done to his philosophy by Candide's experiences. Pangloss, both wearing masks, appear and are caught up by the merriment, the wine and the gambling.I first saw the musical adaptation of "Candide" on Broadway, in the 's, and loved it.
I decided to do it justice by reading Voltaire's original novel, and lo! Candide: Or, All for the Best is Voltaire’s most widely known work and one of the most widely read pieces of literature written in the French language. Voltaire invented the philosophical tale.
Philosophical fiction refers to the class of works of fiction which devote a significant portion of their content to the sort of questions normally addressed in discursive yunusemremert.com might include the function and role of society, the purpose of life, ethics or morals, the role of art in human lives, and the role of experience or reason in the development of knowledge.
As philosophers of Voltaire's day contended with the problem of evil, so too does Candide in this short novel, albeit more directly and humorously. Voltaire ridicules religion, theologians, governments, armies, philosophies, and philosophers through allegory; most conspicuously, he assaults Leibniz and his optimism/5().
He concluded that after the happiness of being born of Baron of Thunder-ten-Tronckh, the second degree of happiness was to be Miss Cunegonde, the third that of seeing her every day, and the fourth that of hearing Master Pangloss, the greatest philosopher of the whole province, and consequently of the whole world.
A summary of Themes in Voltaire's Candide. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Candide and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as .