How to Raise Healthy Children: Good nutrition and 60 minutes of physical activity a day protects kids from obesitydiabetesand a host of chronic diseases later in life. These days though, health-conscious parents have to compete against any number of unhealthy temptations. As a parent, what can you do?
Parenting styles An Air Force sergeant meets his son for the first time Social classwealthculture and income have a very strong impact on what methods of child rearing parents use. However, parenting is always evolving; as times, cultural practices, social norms, and traditions change  In psychology, the parental investment theory suggests that basic differences between males and females in parental investment have great adaptive significance and lead to gender differences in mating propensities and preferences.
Working-class children often grow up at a disadvantage with the schooling, communities, and level of parental attention available compared to middle-class or upper-class[ citation needed ].
Also, lower working-class families do not get the kind of networking that the middle and upper classes do through helpful family members, friends, and community individuals or groups as well as various professionals or experts.
Parenting styles A parenting style is indicative of the overall emotional climate in the home. On the one hand, these four styles involve combinations of acceptance and responsiveness, and on the other hand, involve demand and control. In particular, authoritative parenting is positively related to mental health and satisfaction with life, and authoritarian parenting is negatively related to these variables.
Authoritative parents rely on positive reinforcement and infrequent use of punishment. Parents are more aware of a child's feelings and capabilities and support the development of a child's autonomy within reasonable limits.
There is a give-and-take atmosphere involved in parent-child communication and both control and support are balanced. Research[ vague ] shows that this style is more beneficial than the too-hard authoritarian style or the too-soft permissive style.
Authoritarian parenting styles Authoritarian parents are very rigid and strict. High demands are placed on the child, but there is little responsiveness to them. Parents who practice authoritarian style parenting have a non-negotiable set of rules and expectations that are strictly enforced and require rigid obedience.
When the rules are not followed, punishment is often used to promote future obedience.
This type of parenting is seen more often in working-class families than in the middle class. In Diana Baumrind found that children raised in an authoritarian-style home were less cheerful, more moody and more vulnerable to stress. In many cases these children also demonstrated passive hostility.
Permissive parenting Permissive, or indulgent, parenting is more popular in middle-class than in working-class families.
In these settings, a child's freedom and autonomy are highly valued, and parents tend to rely mostly on reasoning and explanation. Parents are undemanding, so there tends to be little if any punishment or explicit rules in this style of parenting.
These parents say that their children are free from external constraints and tend to be highly responsive to whatever the child wants at the time. Children of permissive parents are generally happy but sometimes show low levels of self-control and self-reliance because they lack structure at home.
Uninvolved parenting An uninvolved or neglectful parenting style is when parents are often emotionally or physically absent.
They are not responsive to a child's needs and have little to no behavioral expectations. If present, they may provide what the child needs for survival with little to no engagement. There is no single definitive model of parenting.
With authoritarian and permissive parenting on opposite sides of the spectrum, most conventional and modern models of parenting fall somewhere in between. Practices[ edit ] A father and son A parenting practice is a specific behavior that a parent uses in raising a child.Luckily, so are the rewards.
Here are some of the strategies that can help you right away as a single parent on this journey ahead. Navigation. Parenting articles, news and tips on raising happy, healthy, successful kids and teens. Home Main Menu Draft. Home; being overwhelmed and stressed out, are very typical.
Single parenting demands are. Promoting happy and healthy families. Tips, articles and resources for parents and children. that Single Parenting Works Six keys to raising happy, healthy children in a single-parent home Dr.
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