While the use of optical aids would generally enhance accuracy, Falco calculated the types of distortion that would result from specific optical devices; Hockney and Falco argued that such errors could in fact be found in the work of some of the Old Masters. In particular, it has spurred increased interest in the actual methods and techniques of artists among scientists and historians of scienceas well as general historians and art historians. The latter have in general reacted unfavorably, interpreting the Hockney—Falco thesis as an accusation that the Old Masters "cheated" and intentionally obscured their methods. Stork and several co-authors have argued against the Hockney—Falco thesis from a technical standpoint.
List page numbers of all figures. The list should include a short title for each figure but not the whole caption. List of Tables List page numbers of all tables.
The list should include a short title for each table but not the whole caption. Introduction You can't write a good introduction until you know what the body of the paper says. Consider writing the introductory section s after you have completed the rest of the paper, rather than before.
Be sure to include a hook at the beginning of the introduction. You should draw the reader in and make them want to read the rest of the paper. The next paragraphs in the introduction should cite previous research in this area.
It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work. You should then go on to explain why more work was necessary your work, of course. What else belongs in the introductory section s of your paper?
A statement of the goal of the paper: Do not repeat the abstract. Sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand the context and significance of the question you are trying to address.
Proper acknowledgement of the previous work on which you are building. Sufficient references such that a reader could, by going to the library, achieve a sophisticated understanding of the context and significance of the question. The introduction should be focused on the thesis question s.
All cited work should be directly relevent to the goals of the thesis. This is not a place to summarize everything you have ever read on a subject. Explain the scope of your work, what will and will not be included.
A verbal "road map" or verbal "table of contents" guiding the reader to what lies ahead. Is it obvious where introductory material "old stuff" ends and your contribution "new stuff" begins? Remember that this is not a review paper. Break up the introduction section into logical segments by using subheads.
Methods What belongs in the "methods" section of a scientific paper? Information to allow the reader to assess the believability of your results.
Information needed by another researcher to replicate your experiment. Description of your materials, procedure, theory. Calculations, technique, procedure, equipment, and calibration plots.
Limitations, assumptions, and range of validity. Desciption of your analystical methods, including reference to any specialized statistical software.
The methods section should answering the following questions and caveats: Could one accurately replicate the study for example, all of the optional and adjustable parameters on any sensors or instruments that were used to acquire the data? Could another researcher accurately find and reoccupy the sampling stations or track lines?
Is there enough information provided about any instruments used so that a functionally equivalent instrument could be used to repeat the experiment?
If the data are in the public domain, could another researcher lay his or her hands on the identical data set? Could one replicate any laboratory analyses that were used? Could one replicate any statistical analyses? Could another researcher approximately replicate the key algorithms of any computer software?
Citations in this section should be limited to data sources and references of where to find more complete descriptions of procedures. Do not include descriptions of results. Results The results are actual statements of observations, including statistics, tables and graphs.
Indicate information on range of variation.Use the following steps when preparing for the oral defense of your thesis/dissertation. 1. Evaluation of oral examination is based on your presentation and . Several different Research Instruments can be used to achieve the same Research Objectives: With the topic, thesis, types of analysis, lit review, objectives & conceptualization understood, the researcher should have a general idea of which data collection method is best suited for the topic.
Example of a Thesis Chapter 3 - Research Design and Methodology 30 May CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY RESEARCH DESIGN This study DATA-GATHERING INSTRUMENTS. Research Instrument - Ivythesis Quality Thesis and Dissertation Writing Assistance.
18 posts categorized " Research . GUIDELINES. FOR WRITING A THESIS OR DISSERTATION. CONTENTS: Guidelines for Writing a Thesis or Dissertation, Linda Childers Hon, Ph.D.
Outline for Empirical Master’s Theses, Kurt Kent, Ph.D. How to Actually Complete A . Instruments in Quantitative Research.
Chapter 3 Methodology of the Study. Letter of Request. Factors Affecting Students' Performance in NAT. Thesis PUP Coed Dr. Jacolbia. Thesis Chapter 4 & 5. Sloven Formula. Significance of the Study.
VALIDATION OF THE RESEARCH INSTRUMENT/5(17). Lone Star College System Research Forest Drive, The Woodlands, TX - MAPS | HELP | JOBS | ACHIEVING THE DREAM | EMPLOYEE INTRANET.